Belum Caves

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Belum Caves
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Location Location.png 15.11934, 78.14226
Parent Regions RegionIconUp.png Asia
RegionIconUp.png India
RegionIconUp.png Andhra Pradesh
RegionIconUp.png Kurnool
Trail Type Loop
Typical time 2hr(s) - 8hr(s)
Hike Distance 15 km
Highest Elevation 0 m
Elevation Gain 0 m
Camping Facility None
Vehicle Passenger
Permits required 2 - Yes - On Arrival at Entrance


Belum Caves is the second largest cave in Indian subcontinent and the longest caves in plains of Indian Subcontinent, known for its stalactite and stalagmite formations. Belum Caves have long passages, spacious chambers, fresh water galleries and siphons. It is a natural underground cave formed by the constant flow of underground water. The caves reach its deepest point (150 feet from entrance level) at the point known as Pataalaganga. Belum Caves derive their name from "Bilum" Sanskrit word for caves.[1] In Telugu language, it is called Belum Guhalu. Belum Caves has a length of 3229 metres, making it the second largest natural caves in Indian Subcontinent. Belum Caves are located at Belum Village in Kolimigundla Mandal of Kurnool District in State of Andhra Pradesh, India.


The nearest train station is Tadipatri. So, wherever you are, you have to reach Tadipatri first. There are daily train from various major train stations in South India like Chennai, Hyderabad, Tirupati etc. From here you there are frequent local buses to the caves.

The Hike

After passing through the gates, one can reach the caves by a metal staircase installed by APTDC.

The entrance pit was originally smaller than what one sees today. It has been broadened as part of development of the caves to install the staircase to allow visitors to descend and ascend easily.

There is an entrance fee that needs to be paid at the gates. The entrance is like that of a Pit Cave. From the ground you can only see two pits side by side and third pit a little further away. After descending around 20 meters by the stairs from the entrance, the caves become horizontal. The first section one enters is called Gebauer Hall named after Speleologist Mr H. Daniel Gebauer, who had explored and mapped the caves in 1982-1983. The path to Gebauer Hall leads below the second opening, which lies next to the main entrance.


After exploring the cave section, you may either exit where you entered or you can exit through either of the other two exits and follow the trail back to the entrance gate.

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